Ethylene Glycol Toxicity

What is Ethylene Glycol?

Ethylene glycol is a toxic, odourless, and colourless organic liquid that is used in the manufacturing of several compounds and substances. Ethylene glycol may be found in several products such as, but not limited to:

 

Ethylene Glycol Toxicity

All animals are susceptible to ethylene glycol toxicity; but it is the most commonly seen in cats and dogs. The most common source of toxicity is often via the accidental ingestion of antifreeze. Most animal poisonings occur because of the sweet taste of ethylene glycol and the small minimum lethal dose required to cause damage to the organs. Examples of how small a volume of 95% ethylene glycol is required to induce signs of toxicity:

*Younger animals may be more susceptible

The severity of intoxication is related to the time interval since the ingestion, and the volume (dose) of ethylene glycol ingestion.

 

Possible Clinical Signs

Clinical signs of ethylene glycol toxicity may be seen between 0.5 to 72 hours following ingestion. Clinical signs seen may include, but are not limited to:

 

What To Do If You Suspect Your Pet May Have Ingested Ethylene Glycol

Phone us immediately at (06) 358 8675 to arrange for your pet to be checked over urgently. If available, please bring along the product you think your pet may have been in contact with.

 

Published by Cahill Animal Hospital on 23 April 2016

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